Erbil City is the capital of Kurdistan Region of Iraq. It lies on a rich fertile plain between two rivers, the Greater Zab and the Lesser Zab.
Erbil Governorate covers an area of 15,074 square kilometers (5,820 sq mi) in the north of Iraq. It is boarded with the city of Dohuk and the Turkey to the north. At the south of Erbil is the city of Kirkuk, and at east is the city of Sulaymaniyah and Iran. The Mosul City boards to the west of the City. During the middle Ages, Erbil became a major trading center on the route between Baghdad and Mosul, a role which still plays today with important road links to the outside world. At the heart of the city is the ancient Citadel of Erbil.
With the population of approximately 1.3 million in 2009, Erbil City is the fourth largest city in Iraq after Baghdad, Basra and Mosul. The largest ethnic group in the city is Kurds, with smaller numbers of Arabs, Assyrians, Turcoman, Armenians, Yezidi, Shabaks and Mandeans extant also.